રઘુવીર ચૌધરી છાપો

રઘુવીર ચૌધરી

માનવજીવનની અસલિયતના ઉપાસક - સર્જક છે શ્રી રઘુવીર ચૌધરી. એમને મન સર્જવું એટલે પણ જીવવું - સચ્ચાઈથી, સુંદરતાથી અને શ્રેયોભાવનાથી. પ્રત્યક્ષ જીવનની વચ્ચે રહીને રઘુવીર ચૌધરીએ શબ્દની અને એ દ્વારા સમાજની સેવા કરવાનો ઉપક્રમ જાળવ્યો છે.

બાપુપુરા (તા. માણસા, જિ. ગાંધીનગર)ના વતની રઘુવીર ચૌધરી કુટુંબીજનોના વહાલ અને પ્રકૃતિનું સૌંદર્ય પામતાં પામતાં જીવન પ્રત્યે વિઘેયક દૃષ્ટિ કેળવતા રહ્યા. હિન્દી ભાષાના એક તેજસ્વી વિદ્યાર્થી અને આદરપાત્ર અધ્યાપક તરીકે યશ પામ્યા અને કિશોર વયથી જ ગ્રામસેવા તથા પ્રૌઢશિક્ષણની પ્રવૃત્તિઓ આરંભી.

રઘુવીર ચૌધરીનો પ્રથમ પ્રેમ કવિતા જે ગદ્યમાં પણ સુપેરે પ્રગટી રહે છે. 1965માં પ્રકાશિત થયેલી અમૃતા ત્યારે પણ સાહિત્ય જગતની અપૂર્વ ઘટના ગણાઈ હતી. પ્રેમનો - સહઅસ્તિત્વનો અર્થ સમજવા, પારંપારિક મૂલ્યોને બાજુએ રાખી નીકળેલાં આ નવલકથાના મુખ્ય પાત્રો અમૃતા, ઉદયન અને અનિકેત સામે અસ્તિત્વ એટલે શું એ જ મુખ્ય પ્રશ્ન બની રહે છે. હિન્દી ભાષામાં પણ પાઠ્યપુસ્તક બનેલી આ નવલકથાની ગુજરાતી ભાષામાં દસ આવૃત્તિઓ થઈ ચૂકી છે.

2013માં સાહિત્ય અકાદેમી, દિલ્હી દ્વારા સાહિત્ય ક્ષેત્રના સર્વોચ્ચ સન્માન સમી - ફેલોશીપ માટે પસંદગી પામેલા ડૉ. રઘુવીર ચૌધરી વાસ્તવ અને ભાવનાનો, ચિંતન અને લાગણીનો, સત્ય અને સૌંદર્યનો અનન્ય સમન્વય - યોગ કરી શક્યા છે. કાવ્ય, નવલકથા, નવલિકા, નિબંધ, નાટક, વિવેચન, ચિંતન, પ્રવાસ વર્ણન, રેખાચિત્ર, સંપાદન વગેરે મળીને દોઢસો પુસ્તકો દ્વારા સાહિત્ય-સર્જનના તમામ સ્વરૂપોનું સુપેરે ખેડાણ કરનાર રઘુવીર ચૌધરી રાષ્ટ્રીય સ્તરે પોંખાયેલા સર્જક છે.

સાહિત્ય અકાદેમી, દિલ્હીનો પુરસ્કાર, દર્શક એવોર્ડ, ઉત્તર પ્રદેશ તરફથી સૌહાર્દ પુરસ્કાર, હિન્દી સાહિત્ય અકાદમી તથા ગુજરાત સાહિત્ય અકાદમી દ્વારા ગૌરવ પુરસ્કાર, ક. મા. મુનશી એવોર્ડ, રણજીતરામ સુવર્ણચંદ્રક, કુમાર ચંદ્રક, ઉમા-સ્નેહરશ્મિ પારિતોષિક વગેરે અનેક પુરસ્કારોથી નવાજિત રઘુવીર ચૌધરી સવિશેષ આનંદ અને સંતોષ અનુભવે છે. પોતાના ગામ બાપુપુરાના ખેતરોમાં કામ કરીને ભૂસત્ત્વ પ્રત્યે લગાવ અનુભવતા આ સર્જક ગુજરાતી સાહિત્ય પરિષદ, દર્શક ફાઉન્ડેશન, ગ્રામભારતી, લોકભારતી, મોતીભાઈ ચૌધરી ફાઉન્ડેશન, આદ્યકવિ નરસિંહ મહેતા સાહિત્ય નિધિ ટ્રસ્ટ જેવી શૈક્ષણિક - સામાજિક સંસ્થાઓના ટ્રસ્ટીપદે કાર્યરત છે. તો ગુજરાતી સાહિત્ય પરિષદનું ભવન રઘુવીર ચૌધરીના અથાગ પ્રયત્નોના ફળસ્વરૂપ છે. એક મૂઠી ઊંચેરા સર્જક રઘુવીર ચૌધરીની સાહિત્ય શિક્ષણ અને સમાજ પરત્વેની કાર્યનિષ્ઠા અપ્રતિમ છે.


ડૉ. રઘુવીર ચૌધરી : એક પરિચય

 

ડૉ. રઘુવીર ચૌધરી : ફોટા અને અંગ્રેજીમાં પરિચય (Introduction of Dr. Raghuveer Chaudhari)

 

Meet the Author : Dr. Raghuveer Chaudhari

 

Other information about Dr. Raghuveer Chaudhari

 

 શ્રી રઘુવીર ચૌધરી સાથે ડૉ. શરીફા વીજળીવાલાની મુલાકાત, શબ્દસૃષ્ટિ, જુલાઈ, 2011 [PDF]

 

Raghuveer Chaudhari

Recognised and honoured as one of the most prolific writers on the contemporary Gujarati literary scene, Dr. Raghuveer Chaudhari has been equally appreciated by his readers and critics. Born in 1938 in a farmer's family of a true devotee father- Dalsinh "Bhagat" and a hard-working mother- Jeetibahen, Raghuveer got his schooling completed at Mansa near his native village Bapupura in North Gujarat.

Nurtured by nature and pampered by parents and all four elder siblings, Raghuveer's childhood days imprinted him with all that's positive, good and beautiful in life. Values of equality, compassion and brotherhood along with the greatness of Indian cultural heritage were instilled in him through the readings of the Geeta, Gandhi, Vinoba Bhave, Govardhanram Tripathi, Umashankar Joshi, Manubhai Pancholi 'Darshak' etc. from school days. Getting prizes at various competitions of drawing, khadi spinning along with excellence in Hindi and Sanskrit languages were as easy for Raghuveer as doing chores at the family farm. Raghuveer mastered Gujarati, Hindi and Sanskrit languages under the guidance of his teachers Dr. Bholabhai Patel, Prof. G. N. Dickey and Dr. Ramdarash Mishra. Great literators like Kalidas, T.S.Eliot, Tagore and Premchand have remained his favourites besides influenced deeply by Gandhi's autobiography.

Raghuveer got the honour of being the first as well as first class in B. A. with Hindi from Gujarat University in 1960. After obtaining M. A. in Hindi language and literature in 1962, Raghuveer was awarded Ph.D. in 1979 for his research on "Comparative Study of Hindi and Gujarati Verbal Roots" from Gujarat University. He joined the Dept. of Languages of Gujarat University in 1977 and retired in 1998 as a professor and head of the department of Hindi. Eight students have obtained PhD degree under his guidance. An eminent linguist Dr. Harivallabh Bhayani inspired and influenced Raghuveer to pursue the comparative research in linguistics.

Being a true Gandhian at heart from his adolescent days, Raghuveer was instrumental in achieving a hundred percent literacy rate in his village by providing adult-education, setting up a small library and a theatre for his school. During vacations, he used to join Vinobaji's "Bhudaan Movement" and be a part of various social activities. All these led him to commit himself strongly with the social issues and not to remain a mere spectator of his surroundings. Raghuveer was active during "Navnirmaan Aandolan" in Gujarat and voiced strongly against the Emergency in 1975. His public speeches and creative works have always reflected his fearless and bold opinions towards injustice and suppression of any kind in the society.

Getting awarded or rewarded for the extraordinary literary expression started for Raghuveer at a very young age. Kumar Medal for poetry was given to him in 1965, while his second novel "Amruta" (1965) which is considered as one of the best ten novels in Gujarati received the first prize from the State Government. It was soon enough that Raghuveer crossed the limit of getting five awards from the State Government. Ranjeetram Gold Medal and Uma-Snehrashmi prize were followed by Sahitya Akademi's national award for his much acclaimed "Uparvaas Kathatrai" in 1977. Uttar Pradesh Hindi Sansthan honoured Raghuveer Chaudhari with "Sauhaard Sanmaan" in 1990 for his contribution in Hindi language. He has received Abhivaadan Trust Award, Darshak Award (1995), K.M.Munshi Gold Medal, Nandshankar Mehta Award (for the novel 'Kacha Suterne Taantne'), Govardhanram Tripathi Award (for the novel 'Somtirth'). Gujarat Sahitya Akademy conferred upon Raghuveer Chaudhari the Gaurav Puraskaar in 2002 followed by the same honour from Hindi Sahitya Akademy in 2011.

Raghuveer was invited by Gujarat Sahitya Academy of Britain (1982), Gujarati Literary Academy of North America (1991, 2000 and 2002) and Bhartiya Vidya Bhavan, U.S.A. (2003) to deliver lectures on Gujarati and Indian literature. School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London invited him as a visiting research fellow in 1992.

Raghuveer has been actively associated with various literary, academic and cultural organizations. His tireless efforts are the reason that Gujarati Sahitya Parishad has been able to get its own building near river front in Ahmedabad. Raghuveer is the past president and a trustee of Gujarati Sahitya Parishad. He was appointed a jury member of the 25th Indian Film Festival. In 1998, Raghuveer was appointed as a member of the executive committee of Sahitya Akademy, Delhi. He was nominated as a member of the Press Council of India dring 2002-04.

Raghuveer is a man of letters who gets attracted and inspired by 'Great Poetry' rather than 'True Poetry'. Raghuveer began writing with poetry and even though it has remained his first love, it's the form of novel that has given him much accreditation as a great Gujarati literary figure. Not to ignore, it's the poetic element in his literary expressions which gives him the unmatched power of visualization through words. Raghuveer is a writer with deep sensitivity who believes in the co-existence of the spirituality and science, reality and emotions or thinking and sentiments. He firmly believes that if a writer has nothing to contribute, he/she shouldn't write. At the same time a writer shouldn't be too loquacious. One of the most remarkable aspects of Raghuveer's style of writing is his unique sense of humour interwoven with subtle satire and wit. Raghuveer is a seeker of Truth and Beauty in everything and everywhere. As a human being and as a creative person, Raghuveer is truthful to his inner truth and believes that like Gandhiji one has to strive to find the Truth throuout the life. Raghuveer tries to erase the distance between the 'Word' and the 'Life'. That explains why his novels are rewritten at one stage or the other. His faith in the functional aspect of human life has progressively strengthened from 'novel of ideas' to that of based upon real world. This progression is visible from 'Amruta' (1965) and 'Venu Vatsala'(1973) to 'Uparvaas'(1975) and 'Laagni' (1976) to 'Samjyaa Vinaa Chhuta Padavun'(2003) and 'Ek Dag Aagal Be Dag Paachhal' (2009). 'Somtirth' (1996) and 'Rudramahalaya' (1978) are considered the classic examples of historical novels in Gujarati, esp. 'Somtirth', which deals with the issues of modern India in context to the past.

Raghuveer's short stories portray the uncertainty and complexity of human life and relations. Some of the best examples are 'Potkun' (Cloth bag), 'Purna Satya' (Complete Truth), 'Chita' (Fire), 'Ud Gaye Fulwa Rah Gayi Baas' (Flowers are flown away, fragrance lingers), and 'Pakshaghat' (Paralysis). Among his plays, 'Sikandar Saani', 'Najeek', 'Ashokvan', 'Jhulta Minara', 'Trijo Purush' and a collection of one-act plays were much appreciated performances on the stage by well-known artists. The one-act play, 'Dim Light' remains the favourite with the audience after its innumerable performances. Raghuveer has a flair for penning the unseen aspects of known personalities. 'Saharaani Bhavyataa' (1980), 'Tilak Kare Raghuveer 1-2' (1998) and 'Maanas thi Lokmaanas' (2008) have been praised as the vivid characterizations of many literary, social and spiritual figures of Gujarat.

Raghuveer was instrumental in setting up of a separate department for the study of Journalism at Gujarat University in 1990s. As a popular columnist, he has contributed to the numerous dailies and weeklies, such as 'Sandesh', 'Janmabhoomi' and 'Divya Bhaskar'.

After retirement, Raghuveer enjoys being 'a weekend farmer'. He'd like to spend most of his relaxing time on the two farms at his village - Bapupura. Raghuveer's concern for the education, water scarcity and overall development for the underprivileged areas is the reaason for his active participation as a Trustee for the organizations like 'Lokbharti Gramvidyapeeth' (Sanosara, Bhavnagar), 'Grambharti' (Gandhinagar) and Motibhai Foundation for Water Recharging. He is a Chairman and Trustee     of 'Adya Kavi Narsinh Mehta Sahitya Nidhi'.

Raghuveer Chaudhari is married to Paru and has four children - Sanjay, Drashti, Kirti and Surta.

 
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